Red worms (also called red wiggler worms) are epigeic earthworms. This means, they belong to the ecological group of worms that are litter feeders, litter dwellers, pigmented, and small in size. Epigeic worms live in the top 12 inches of soil and they do not burrow. Red worms feed on organic decaying matter – they have been breaking down organic waste to make natural fertilizer for millions of years, and they are non-migratory. Although red worms are non-migratory, they are adaptable to many environments.
Red wiggler worms can be used for everything from composting and fertilizer to fish bait. The two most common uses for red worms are: composting and fish bait. Red wiggler worms are used to recycle food scraps by vermicomposting. Vermicomposting is a method of composting food scraps by adding red worms to them in a specially prepared bin or box. In just one day, red wiggler worms can consume organic material equivalent to their body weight to produce castings equal to 75% of their body weight. Red wiggler worms can convert organic materials into high quality humus, which will provide gardens with earthworm castings, which is considered a complete (and powerful) natural fertilizer.
The great thing about using red wiggler worms for composting is you will never run out of them and they are kept alive. Red worms are very productive breeders. They lay one egg capsule every seven days or so and each capsule hatches an average of three to four earthworms. Hatched earthworms typically grow into breeders in roughly three months. The way to keep the red worms productive is to keep them healthy and happy. If you have a roomy bin (a 5-gallon bucket or other container), the best type of “bedding” such as peat moss, water for moisture, and organic materials such as fruit and vegetable peels, your red worms will be well-fed, comfortable, and productive.
General maintenance is also important to the health of your red wiggler worms for composting. This means that there are several do’s and don’ts of raising red wiggler orms. These include:
·Don’t keep your worm bin in direct sunlight.
·Do keep your worms ideal locations such as the basement, a closet or under the kitchen sink.
·Do lightly toss the bedding every week or two, allowing the bedding at the bottom of the bin to be on the top. This process will allow sufficient oxygen to be throughout the bedding. Remember, red worms absorb oxygen through their bodies.
·Do lightly spray red worm bedding that appears to be getting dry.
Red wiggler worms for fish bait
Trout, crappie, perch, and bluegill prefer red wiggler worms. These are just a few of the types of fish that prefer small baits. Red worms are quite easy to use as bait as they can ‘survive’ a wide range of temperatures ranging from 38 to 95 degrees Fahrenheit. Once on the hook, the red worm becomes quite active. Red wiggler worms can last a long time under water, unlike many other different types of earthworms.
To purchase red wiggler worms, visit any pet store or fish & bait store. You can also order live red wiggler worms through a number of online retailers. Simply use your favorite search engine to find a suitable red wiggler worm seller. Use the search phrase “buy red worms.”
Other Names for Red Wiggler Worms
Red worms are commonly referred to as Red Wigglers, Red Wiggler, Brandlings, Earthworms, Earth Worms, Redworms, Manure Worms, Trout Worms, Compost Worms, and Tiger Worms.